Accountability means being answerable for one’s choices and actions and recognising one’s role and being responsive to the expectations attached to it. Accountability also applies to technology in the sense that infrastructures and algorithms should ‘account for’ their affordances and actions in ways that are intelligible to people. Recognising the role of individuals and organisations involved in CIS design, management, and use necessitates appreciating the responsibility shouldered by each individual and group involved. This includes considering how actions could impact those engaged in the CIS as well as the greater society.

  • Be cognisant of and take responsibility for actions in information sharing.
  • Be responsive in accordance with the duties of your role.
  • Consider the potential impacts of behaviour, research, and sharing outcomes.


Petersen, K. et al. (2015) D2.02 ELSI guidelines for collaborative design and database of representative emergency and disaster. SecInCoRe EU Deliverable. [Link]
SATORI (2016) Ethics assessment for research and innovation - Annex A. CWA SATORI-1:2016 [Link
Weitzner, D. J., Abelson, H., Berners-Lee, T., Feigenbaum, J., Hendler, J., and Sussman, G. J. (2008). Information accountability. Communications of the ACM, 51(6), 82–87. [DOI

Related Guidance

Justifying Exclusion

Accountable Anonymity

Transparency of Data Processing

Data Controllers

Technology and Power