Fairness refers to being able to make judgements based on the particular situation, interests, and feelings at hand, not just based on generally applicable rules or regulations. It is linked to principles of neutrality, which imply that disaster prevention, preparedness, relief, response and recovery should be undertaken without political, racial, religious or ideological intent, and with the sole aim of protecting individuals and the enjoyment of their rights, the environment, property and heritage, and thereby strengthening resilience. However, fairness and neutrality do not necessarily translate into equal shares. Fairness might mean that inequalities resulting from a technological innovation should be arranged in such a way that most benefit goes to the least advantaged.

  • Consider how the technology may affect inequalities in society
  • Avoid or minimise unfair distributions of resources resulting from technological innovations
  • Give people an opportunity to voice their perspective and hear responses to the points they raise.


Prieur, M. (2011) Ethical Principles on Disaster Risk Reduction and People’s Resilience. European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement (EUR-OPA). [Link
The Sphere Project Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response. [Link]

Related Guidance

Access and Fairness

Digital Divides

Cultural/Linguistic Differences