Bringing in new technologies for information sharing – such as a CIS -- does not automatically mean bringing in more people. It can place new and old actors in awkward positions of negotiation, where inclusiveness of people, technology, and resources compete with each other. Nor does it automatically provide a higher sense of awareness. Including a wider range of data and sources means greater needs for management. Sharing everything with everyone is both a problem of clogging the decisions and communication lines, and of differentiating signal from noise. But a CIS needs to support awareness of when actors who could and should be included are not.

  • Balance needs for sharing with the possibility of clogging communication lines.
  • Do not rely on the technology to bring in more or a wider range of users.
  • Be cognisant of how people, technology, and resources compete with each other
  • Support people in noticing, determining, and improving information quality, including relevance, appropriateness, timeliness, and compatibility of information.


Taylor, L., Floridi, L., and Van Der SLoot, B. (2017). Group Privacy: New Challenges of Data Technologies. Berlin: Springer.

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